Trastornos de ansiedad: revisión bibliográfica de la perspectiva actual

Monserrat Macías Carballo, Cesar Pérez Estudillo, Leonor López Meraz, Luis Beltrán Parrazal, Consuelo Morgado Valle


Los trastornos de ansiedad son un problema creciente de salud pública que necesita la atención de personal especializado y capacitado. En la actualidad son 11 los trastornos de ansiedad (TA) clasificados en el DSM-V, todos con algunas características clínicas similares como angustia y miedo. La prevalencia general de estos trastornos oscila entre el 4-24% en diferentes países. En México no se tiene información actual debido a la falta de datos reportados por encuestas nacionales. Se han descrito una serie de tratamientos no farmacológicos y farmacológicos para el control de estos trastornos, sin embargo, aún se requiere de más investigación para encontrar nuevos tratamientos que no generen efectos secundarios. El objetivo de esta revisión es describir los criterios diagnósticos para los TA, la prevalencia y tratamientos.


Abstract. Anxiety disorders are a growing public health problem that needs the attention of specialized and trained personnel. Currently, there are 11 anxiety disorders (AD) classified in the DSM-V, all with similar clinical characteristics such as distress and fear. The general prevalence of these disorders ranges from 4-24% in different countries. In Mexico there is not current information due to the lack of data reported by national surveys. A series of non-pharmacological and pharmacological treatments for the control of these disorders have been described, however, more research is required to find new treatments without side effects. The aim of this review is to describe the diagnostic criteria, prevalence and treatments for AD.

Keywords: anxiety; anxiety disorder; anti-anxiety agents; DSM.

Palabras clave

Ansiedad; trastorno de ansiedad; ansiolítico; DSM.

Texto completo:



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